Permanganate Pre-Oxidation of Algal Impact Source Waters

Reviews published literature on the effect of pre-oxidation on algal cell integrity, metabolite release, and the destruction of algal toxins. The value of permanganate treatment is highlighted as the first step in a multi-barrier water purification treatment approach. In particular, the advantages of combining permanganate pre-oxidation with activated carbon adsorption is addressed. We also touch on research into the positive benefit of permanganate oxidation for improved coagulation of algal cells.